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Countries start to pass protectionist laws and break trade agreements.

The US–China trade war escalates, leading to a number of shortages.

Warmer weather is causing ice to melt in the Arctic Ocean. Canada, the US, China and Russia now have a new northern border to protect.

Countries quietly start to divert post-Covid economic stimulus money into beefing up their militaries. You know, just in case.

As sea ice melts, shipping lanes are opening up in the Arctic, making it an increasingly profitable region. But this is causing geopolitical tensions, as countries scramble to secure their northern borders. Already, governments have sent their militaries to the region in order to ensure that their countries’ stakes in the Arctic are protected.